1724. Georgia’s eastern kingdom of Kakheti comes under Ottoman rule.
1744. Iran names the Christian Georgian military commander, Erekle II (also called Heraclius II), as the King of Kakheti.
1762. Erekle II succeeds his father as King of the Georgian Kartli-Kakheti Kingdom. He then extends Georgian rule over various Muslim principalities.
1769. King Erekel II turns to Russia to protect Georgia against attacks by the Ottomans and Persians.
1774. Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign the Treaty of Kucuk Kaynarca which ends the six-year Turko-Russian War.
[There are conflicting histories regarding this Treaty and its intent. The Treaty of Kucuk Kaynarca is a serious point of contention today in the conflict between Georgia and South Ossetia today. South Ossetia argues that this Treaty made the area of north and south Ossetia into one territory—within Russia. Georgia argues that Ossetia did not exist as a territory at the time of the Treaty and the Treaty makes no mention of Ossetia voluntarily joining Russia, so it cannot be the basis for South Ossetia secession.]
1783. Georgia’s Erekle II and Russia’s Catherine the Great sign the Treaty of Georgievsk, in which Russia is required to provide protection to Georgia. Georgia becomes protectorate of Russian Empire.